Category Archives: Dogs

Dangerous Mistakes With Medicine for Dogs

 

Do you have a drawer or cabinet full of half-used, perhaps expired pet medications? We all know that we are supposed to dispose of “extra” medications, not keep them around “just in case,” but sometimes frugality makes getting rid of something that might be useful in the future awfully hard. Here we inform you of several instances when you must restrain yourself. The risks far outweigh any potential benefits.

Oral Antibiotics

What are you doing with “leftover” oral antibiotics anyway? Weren’t you told to give your pet the entire prescription? Anyway, do not be tempted to give your pet whatever is lying around when a new problem arises. Antibiotics have no efficacy against viruses, fungi, or any disease that isn’t caused, at least in part, by a bacterial infection.

Also, a particular type of antibiotic is only active against a certain subset of bacteria. What are the chances that the antibiotic you have on hand is the ideal one for treating the infection your pet now has? Finally, expired antibiotics can lose their effectiveness. Giving your pet an antibiotic when it is not needed, the wrong type of antibiotic, or an expired antibiotic can result in antibiotic resistant infections that are very difficult to treat.

Steroids

Avoid giving your pet any medication that contains a corticosteroid unless it has been prescribed by your veterinarian to treat your pet’s current medical problem. Corticosteroids suppress the immune system (among other things) and if your pet has an infection of any sort, they can make your pet’s condition worse rather than better.

Prednisone, prednisolone, cortisone, hydrocortisone, dexamethasone, betamethasone, flumethasone, isoflupredone, methylprednisolone, and triamcinolone are all commonly prescribed corticosteroids. Check the medication label. If you see any of these listed as an active ingredient (any other ingredients that end in “-one” are suspect also) do not give that medication to your pet. This applies to both oral and topically applied medications.

Eye Medications

Unless your pet has a chronic eye condition and you are 100% sure you know that is what you are treating with previously prescribed medications, never put anything in your pet’s eyes without first consulting a veterinarian. Most eye injuries/disorders cause pets to have similar symptoms (redness, drainage, and squinting).

Without an exam and a few simple tests, it is virtually impossible to know what is going on. Problems affecting the eyes have a disturbing tendency to go from bad to worse VERY quickly, particularly if they are treated with the wrong medication.

Diana Ruth Davidson,  Westside Dog Nanny,             Certified Professional Pet Sitter,                            Certified by American Red Cross in Pet First Aid

Pet Sitting,  In-Home Dog Boarding, Dog Walking, Overnights in Your Home, Doggie Day Care.

Diana@WestsideDogNanny.com
310 919 9372

Everything You Need To Know About Cataracts In Dogs

 

How Do Cataracts In Dogs Develop?

The lens is comprised of specialized cells that produce fibers made of protein. Cataracts in dogs occur when the cells or protein fibers are damaged. Diabetes in dogs can cause cataracts to develop. High blood sugar levels alter the metabolism of the cells in the lens and can cause very rapid onset cataracts. The most common reason cataracts develop in humans is damage from exposure to ultraviolet light. While UV light can contribute to dog cataracts , it’s not the most common cause.

Cataracts that happen as the result of UV light usually develop later in a dog’s life. Another cause of cataracts in dogs comes down to genetics. Hereditary cataracts occur quite commonly in certain purebred dogs.“Breeds like Poodles, Cocker Spaniels, Siberian Huskies, and Yorkshire Terriers, among many others, are affected by hereditary cataracts. Hereditary cataracts tend to form in dogs at a young age—between 1 and 5 years old.

Can Dogs With Cataracts Still See?

Most of the time, yes, dogs with cataracts can still see. Incipient cataracts cover less than 15 percent of the surface area of the lens. Many dogs won’t notice these, and they’ll rarely undergo surgery to remove the cataract at this stage.

On the other hand, mature cataracts are those that cover the entire lens. Dogs with mature cataracts can only see changes in light. Dogs with mature cataracts should undergo cataract surgery to remove them. In between these two—from 15 percent all the way to 99 percent—are immature cataracts, which can be something of a gray area. We usually begin to see significant vision deficits with cataracts that cover 75 percent of the lens, but the degree to which it impacts the dog varies.

Do Cataracts Hurt Dogs?

A dog might experience disorientation or confusion if a cataract develops quickly, but generally speaking, the cataract itself does not hurt. That said, inflammation typically accompanies cataracts, which can be painful or at least uncomfortable. When the protein structure in a lens changes, the body sees that as a foreign substance. This is what causes the inflammation, and down the road, it can also lead to glaucoma, which is very, very painful.

For that reason, pet owners looking to treat immature cataracts in dogs should start their pet on a regimen of anti-inflammatory dog cataract eye drops. These drops will likely need to be used throughout the dog’s life. There is currently no eye drop on the market that will resolve a mature cataract. There are some beliefs that certain antioxidant eye drops can slow down the progression of small cataracts just by improving the overall health of the eye but they will not dissolve the cataract.

How To Tell If Your Dog Has A Cataract

To identify cataracts in dogs, just look for whiteness in the pupils. Mature and even some immature cataracts are easy to spot due to their cloudy nature. It’s when you get into the incipient cataracts that you need to look for other clues.

If your dog has difficulty catching food, if he’s sniffing for treats rather than seeing them, or if he’s not able to fetch or retrieve as well as usual, he might have cataracts. Most of the time, cataracts in dogs will occur over time, but with diabetic cataracts, you may see your dog start bumping into things overnight.

Treatment And Prevention

Cataracts won’t go away on their own, they need to be removed surgically. If you see or suspect that your dog has a cataract, consult your vet or a veterinary opthamologist to discuss whether surgery is right for your dog. Because we can see things pop back up after surgery, this option requires a lifelong commitment from the owner. Immediately after cataract surgery, your vet will likely start your dog on a routine of anti-inflammatory cataract eye drops. After the procedure, the drops will ramp up for about four to six months. You’ll also likely need to schedule regular vet appointments to recheck your dog’s eye.

After that period of time, you’ll still need to give your dog the eye drops, and regular checkups should continue. Because so many canine cataracts are hereditary, there’s not much an owner can do to prevent them, but a high-quality diet with an antioxidant supplement may help. For example, omega-3 fatty acids, such as those found in fish oil, promote eye health, as well as heart, brain, joint, and skin health. Consult with your vet or a veterinary nutritionist to find out what is appropriate for your dog.

Diana Ruth Davidson,  Westside Dog Nanny,             Certified Professional Pet Sitter,                            Certified by American Red Cross in Pet First Aid

Pet Sitting,  In-Home Dog Boarding, Dog Walking, Overnights in Your Home, Doggie Day Care.

Diana@WestsideDogNanny.com
310 919 9372

5 Remedies For Upset Stomach In Dogs

 

When you have an upset stomach, you probably reach for ginger ale, crackers or Pepto-Bismol to settle your tummy. But what should you do when your dog’s stomach is out of sorts? Learn more about the tips for how to make your pup feel better with natural remedies

1. Do Nothing

When your dog’s stomach is trying to get rid of something, it can be helpful to stop putting more things in his stomach for 12 to 24 hours. If the GI system is having a tough time, you don’t want it to digest things.

Fasting for that long is absolutely fine for the dog, and it’ll likely be harder for the pet parent to withhold food than it will be for the dog not to eat.

2. Ice Cubes

When your dog is vomiting or has diarrhea, you want to make sure he stays hydrated, however, giving him too much water may make his stomach even more upset.

Remove his water bowl from his reach, and give him ice chips every 2 to 3 hours. See if he can keep that down, then give him some more ice cubes and a couple teaspoons of water.

3. Bone Broth

One of the most powerful things you can give to your dog to soothe and heal his stomach while keeping him hydrated is bone broth. Simmer meat (on the bone) with apple cider vinegar and water in a crockpot. Once the meat falls off the bone, continue to simmer the bones until the minerals and marrow are released into the water.

Bone broth takes at least a day to make, so you’ll need to make this meal before your pet actually gets sick. If you make it ahead, however, you can skim off the fat and freeze it, then you can give your dog bone broth ice cubes when he’s sick. In a pinch, you can also buy boxed bone broth.

4. Canned Pumpkin

When fighting indigestion, canned pumpkin is a favorite of many holistic veterinarians. It has a low glycemic index, so it slowly absorbs, which helps with upset stomach and digestion. Make sure to get canned pumpkin, and not pumpkin pie mix, as you don’t want to feed your dog spices.

Smaller dogs (approximately five pounds) can be fed ½ teaspoon of canned pumpkin, while larger dogs (approximately 75 pounds) can be fed 1 tablespoon. You can even try adding a tiny bit of ginger to the canned pumpkin. Like ginger ale, it soothes the stomach.

5. Seek A Veterinarian

Watch the overall pattern of the symptoms, which should slowly subside over 24 to 48 hours. However, if your dog seems to be constantly uncomfortable or if the symptoms get worse—for instance, the frequency continues to increase every few hours, you see blood in their vomit or stool, or they collapse—call a veterinarian, as these symptoms could be indicative of pancreatitis, stomach bloating, a severe allergy, leaky gut syndrome, abnormal parasites, or another serious condition.

If you discover that your dog ate something he’s not supposed to—like a plant, food, toy or chemical—seek help immediately. If your pet dog has ingested something potentially poisonous and your veterinarian is unavailable, talk to an expert at the Pet Poison Helpline.

Diana Ruth Davidson,  Westside Dog Nanny,

Certified Professional Pet Sitter,                            Certified by American Red Cross in Pet First Aid

Pet Sitting,  In-Home Dog Boarding, Dog Walking, Overnights in Your Home, Doggie Day Care.

Diana@WestsideDogNanny.com
310 919 9372

5 Disease-Fighting Foods Good For Dogs

 

Flaxseed, blueberries, and oatmeal are some of the foods experts recommend we eat to stave off illness and maintain peak health and wellness. You naturally may have wondered…Does this apply to dogs, too? Are there certain foods you can feed your dog to keep disease at bay? Here are some disease-fighting foods you can feed your dog.

1. Fish Oil

Foods rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have been studied extensively for their role in controlling inflammation in a variety of species. These fatty acids have been shown to help in the management of kidney disease, joint disease, skin inflammation, and more. Many pet foods contain omega-3 fatty acids but not all of them. In addition, the amount added to [over-the-counter] products may not be sufficient to provide the desired beneficial effects.

If you’re not a fan of supplements or your dog food doesn’t contain omega-3s, consider steaming, grilling, or baking a piece of fish for your canine companion. Be mindful of the type of fish you choose, as some varieties are higher in mercury than others. Salmon is a good option since it is typically high in omega-3s but low in mercury.

2. Vegetables

Leafy green and yellow-orange vegetables, such as carrots, may decrease the risk of bladder cancer in certain dogs, according to a study. Scientists suspect bioflavanoids, dietary fiber, plant sterols, and other anti-carcinogenic substances (known as phyto-nutrients) present in these vegetables may inhibit or slow down the progression of cancer.

Yellow-orange vegetables used in the study (aside from carrots) included pumpkin, squash, and sweet potato. Leafy green vegetables included lettuce, salad greens, spinach, collard greens, and parsley. Try giving dogs swiss chard, turnip greens, beet greens, kale, and dandelion greens.

3. Mushrooms

Mushrooms contain polysaccharopeptides (PSP), which researchers believe have tumor-fighting properties. There is some evidence that they can improve immune responses.

If you do want to offer your canine companion mushrooms, it’s important to keep in mind that some types of mushrooms are poisonous for dogs. Always talk to your veterinarian before adding mushrooms to your dog’s diet.

4. Fiber

In some cases, veterinarians may recommend feeding oatmeal or lentils as part of a high-fiber diet. Flax, psyllium, or chia seeds can also be used to supplement your dog’s diet. Fiber can help your dog feel full, and ultimately aid with weight loss. Keeping your dog lean is important. Obesity can shorten your dog’s lifespan, and is linked with an assortment of diseases, including joint, liver, and respiratory disease.

Fiber is also essential for maintaining gastrointestinal health, as it helps support the gut microflora. A healthy gut is linked with strengthened immunity, a factor in warding off disease.

5. Fruits

Veterinary nutritionists will often recommend that their clients feed fruits to their dogs as part of a sound nutritional plan. This is because fresh fruits and vegetables may provide trace nutrients or compounds that we have yet to discover, or that are not abundant in commercial pet food.

The phyto-nutrients contained in blueberries and other fruits may help prevent cancer. Giving fruits and vegetables over commercial pet treats ensures that an owner knows exactly what it is and where it came from. It can be difficult to identify the sources of all the ingredients – some of which have questionable nutritional value – in commercial pet treats.

Diana Ruth Davidson,  Westside Dog Nanny,             Certified Professional Pet Sitter,                            Certified by American Red Cross in Pet First Aid

Pet Sitting,  In-Home Dog Boarding, Dog Walking, Overnights in Your Home, Doggie Day Care.

Diana@WestsideDogNanny.com
310 919 9372

Top 5 Things Poisonous to Dogs

 

Each year, there are more than 100,000 cases of pet poisoning in the U.S. Many of these were caused by household substances that may seem perfectly harmless to you. But just because something is safe for people doesn’t mean it won’t hurt beloved pets. Here are the top 5 dog poisons you should know of.

1. Prescription Medications For People

Drugs that might be beneficial or even lifesaving for people can have the opposite effect in pets. And it doesn’t always take a large dose to do major damage.

Some of the most common and harmful medications that poison dogs include prescription anti-inflammatory and pain medications which can cause stomach and intestinal ulcers or kidney failure. Antidepressants which can cause vomiting and, in more serious instances, serotonin syndrome – a dangerous condition that raises temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure, and may cause seizures.

2. Insecticides

You may think you’re doing your dog a favor when you apply flea and tick products marketed to fight fleas and ticks, but thousands of animals are unintentionally poisoned by these products every year.

Problems can occur if dogs accidentally ingest these products or if small dogs receive excessive amounts. Talk to your vet about safe OTC products.

3. Over-the-counter Medications

This group contains acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen and naproxen (Advil, Alleve), as well as herbal and nutraceutical products (fish oil, joint supplements).

So the next time you consume any of these OTC medications, keep them safely stored away from your dog.

4. Pet Medication

Just as we can be sickened or killed by medications intended to help us, cases of pet poisoning by veterinary drugs are not uncommon.

Some of the more commonly reported problem medications include painkillers and de-wormers.

5. Household Products

Just as cleaners like bleach can poison people, they are also a leading cause of pet poisoning, resulting in stomach and respiratory tract problems.

Not surprisingly, chemicals contained in antifreeze, paint thinner, and chemicals for pools also can act as dog poison. The pet poisoning symptoms they may produce include stomach upset, depression, chemical burns, renal failure and death.

Diana Ruth Davidson,  Westside Dog Nanny,             Certified Professional Pet Sitter,                            Certified by American Red Cross in Pet First Aid

Pet Sitting,  In-Home Dog Boarding, Dog Walking, Overnights in Your Home, Doggie Day Care.

Diana@WestsideDogNanny.com
310 919 9372

People Food for Dogs

 

Thinking of changing up your dog’s meal plan? Well, here are some people foods your dog can enjoy as well.

1. Pasta And Rice

Disney’s “Lady and the Tramp” canoodled over a plate of spaghetti and meatballs. Your pooch can have pasta once in a while, too. Just make sure it’s plain and cooked.

Brown rice is a healthy whole grain your dog may gobble up. Mix some into her regular dog food to liven up her meal. Make human food a treat for your dog – it should be no more than 5% to 10% of her diet. The rest should be dog food, which supplies the nutrients she needs.

2. Meat

What dog doesn’t go on alert when there’s meat around? Chicken, turkey, lean ground beef, and chuck steak or roast are animal-based proteins, which help dogs grow strong.

A few rules apply: Always cook meat well. Never serve it raw or undercooked. Avoid fatty cuts, including bacon. Cut meat (and any human food) into easy-to-chew chunks. Ground meat is fine, too but old, moldy, or spoiled meats are not okay.

3. Vegetables

Vegetables give your pup vitamins, fiber, and some canine crunch. Try serving these raw veggies grated or finely chopped: carrot, cucumber, zucchini, lettuce, bell peppers, corn (cut off the cob), and celery.

Or steam these favorites: green beans, broccoli, asparagus, cauliflower, and hard winter squash. Skip avocado, which can upset her stomach. Don’t give any vegetable or other human food that seems to cause tummy trouble.

4. Treats For Dog-Day Afternoons

To cool off a hot dog on a sultry day, give her pet pops. Make them with any food she likes, like veggies or applesauce. Freeze the pops in an ice cube tray.

Or whip up some peanut butter pops: Mix 1 cup of peanut butter (unsalted is best) with half a mashed, ripe banana or a little water. Drop by spoonfuls onto cookie sheets lined with wax paper and freeze.

5. Bread And Pretzels

Bite-sized bits of whole wheat bread are good for her gut health. But don’t give her raw dough, it can cause serious stomach problems.

She might also go for some pieces of unsalted pretzel. Just skip the salted kind, which can make her extra thirsty and can cause big problems if she eats a lot.

Diana Ruth Davidson,  Westside Dog Nanny,             Certified Professional Pet Sitter,                            Certified by American Red Cross in Pet First Aid

Pet Sitting,  In-Home Dog Boarding, Dog Walking, Overnights in Your Home, Doggie Day Care.

Diana@WestsideDogNanny.com
310 919 9372

6 Most Common Dog Health Problems

Our dogs are faithful companions, and they depend on us for good care. To help your canine friend live a healthy life, you should know some of the most common health problems dogs face, their signs, and what you can do about them.

1. Ear Infections

Ear infections are a common canine health problem, and they can be caused by allergies, yeast, ear mites, bacteria, hair growth deep in the ear canal, and more.

Symptoms your dog may have with an ear infection include head shaking or head tilting, ear odor, vigorous scratching, lack of balance, unusual back-and-forth eye movements, redness of the ear canal, swelling of the outer portion of the ear, or brown, yellow, or bloody discharge.

2. Worms

Tapeworms, roundworms, hookworms, and whipworms are common internal parasites in dogs. And although any worm infestation can make your pooch uncomfortable, some, like hookworms, can be fatal in puppies.

Signs your dog may have worms include diarrhea (may be bloody), weight loss, a change in appetite, a rough, dry coat, scooting on his bottom, vomiting (with roundworms in particular), an overall poor appearance.

3. When Fleas Find Your Dog

It takes just three weeks for one flea to turn into an infestation of 1,000 biting bugs. A very common canine health problem, fleas are easy for your dog to pick up, but they’re also easy to treat.

Signs your dog may have fleas include excessive scratching, licking, or biting at the skin, hair loss, hot spots, allergic dermatitis (allergic response caused by contact), tapeworms (which are carried by fleas), flea dirt (looks like small black dots) against your dog’s skin.

4. Hot Spots

hey’re commonly known as hot spots, but the medical term for those bare, inflamed, red areas you often see on dogs is acute moist dermatitis – a bacterial skin infection. Anything that irritates your dog’s skin enough to make him scratch or chew can lead to the pain and itch of hot spots, which, if left untreated, can quickly grow larger.

A hot spot’s location can help your vet diagnose its cause. Fleas, for example, may be the source of a hip hot spot, while a hot spot at the ear might point to ear problems. Treating hot spots may involve shaving and cleaning the irritated area, antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), steroids, or topical medications, depending on how bad the hot spots are, and how much pain your pooch is in.

5. Vomiting

Vomiting is a common dog health problem, with dozens of possible causes, from infection or intestinal parasites to pancreatitis, kidney failure, heatstroke, or poisoning. Symptoms are basic: abdominal heaving and drooling caused by nausea. If your dog also has diarrhea, blood in the vomit, seems lethargic, continues vomiting, or can’t hold down liquids, contact your vet right away to prevent life-threatening dehydration.

Treatment depends on what’s causing a dog’s distress, and may include fluid therapy, drugs to control vomiting, and homemade foods like well-cooked skinless chicken, boiled potatoes, and rice.

6. Doggy Diarrhea

Diarrhea in dogs, as with vomiting, can have lots of causes, including stress, infections like parvo virus, intestinal parasites, and food problems. Diarrhea symptoms are pretty obvious – look for loose, watery, or liquid stool.

Because diarrhea can easily lead to dehydration, be sure your dog has plenty of clean water available, then take your pooch to the vet if the diarrhea persists for more than a day, or immediately if there’s also fever, lethargy, vomiting, dark or bloody stools, or loss of appetite.

Diana Ruth Davidson,  Westside Dog Nanny,             Certified Professional Pet Sitter,                            Certified by American Red Cross in Pet First Aid

Pet Sitting,  In-Home Dog Boarding, Dog Walking, Overnights in Your Home, Doggie Day Care.

Diana@WestsideDogNanny.com
310 919 9372

5 Signs Of Kidney Failure In Dogs

 

Kidney disease can look innocuous, can have the same signs as other diseases or sometimes have no recognizable symptoms at all, so it’s important to get a vet’s input about what is happening. Here are 5 signs of kidney failure in dogs.

1. Sudden Change In Your Dog’s Well-Being

When your dog is suddenly acting very sick, this could mean acute kidney injury, but it might not be.

There can be many reasons why dogs suddenly seem very sick. A trip to the emergency vet is vital when sudden changes occur.

 

Diana Ruth Davidson,  Westside Dog Nanny,             Certified Professional Pet Sitter,                            Certified by American Red Cross in Pet First Aid

Pet Sitting,  In-Home Dog Boarding, Dog Walking, Overnights in Your Home, Doggie Day Care.

Diana@WestsideDogNanny.com
310 919 9372

Keep These Topical Medications Away From Your Dog

 

Animals are curious and no one is perfect, which means it’s all too easy to accidentally leave your favorite topical product in the path of an inquisitive pet. The following products can cause major problems.

1. Zinc oxide

A common ingredient in sunscreen, diaper rash formulas, and calamine lotions, zinc oxide can be particularly damaging to a dog’s intestines if ingested.

Keep an eye out for vomiting and diarrhea; these are signs your dog’s intestines have been injured. And once absorbed into the bloodstream, zinc damages red blood cells, leading to anemia, pale or yellow mucous membranes, weakness, rapid breathing, and abnormally dark urine.

2. Retinoids

Found in many anti-aging products, retinoids can cause tummy trouble for dogs if ingested, resulting in lethargy, vomiting, and decreased appetite.

Another potential side effect in dogs is the development of keratoconjunctivitis sicca (dry eye). You’ll also want to keep any pregnant dogs far from your wrinkle reducers, as the retinoids could cause birth defects.

3. NSAIDs

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, are commonly used in over-the-counter and prescription creams to treat pain and inflammation.

They make you feel better, but they can cause everything from stomach ulcers to kidney failure in pets if administered incorrectly. Signs of toxicity include decreased appetite and vomiting.

4. Steroid Creams

If ingested or absorbed through your dog’s skin, these can cause endocrine disorders.

You may notice an increase in thirst and the need to urinate. The dog may also have nausea and diarrhea. Exposure to estrogen creams can cause heat-like symptoms in spayed female dogs and mammary gland enlargement in males.

5. Minoxidil

Found in hair growth products, minoxidil can cause severe cardiovascular issues, including heart failure, if ingested.

The easiest way to keep your pets safe is to store your topical products in a secure location. Wash your hands thoroughly after applying any topical medicine or treatment, and never use human products on your pet without a veterinarian’s guidance.

Diana Ruth Davidson,  Westside Dog Nanny,             Certified Professional Pet Sitter,                            Certified by American Red Cross in Pet First Aid

Pet Sitting,  In-Home Dog Boarding, Dog Walking, Overnights in Your Home, Doggie Day Care.

Diana@WestsideDogNanny.com
310 919 9372

5 Most Contagious Dog Diseases

Medicine is always advancing, for both human and animals. And while that means that many of these diseases aren’t as prevalent as they once were, you should still be aware of any disease your dog may be exposed to, whether at the dog park, daycare kennel, or elsewhere. Here are 5 of the most contagious dog diseases.

1. Canine Parvovirus

Parvovirus is one of the first things puppies get vaccinated for—and with good reason. Puppies with parvo can get severe diarrhea, vomiting, and regurgitation, which can lead to dehydration and death. Vaccination for parvovirus is highly effective.

The virus is spread orally, through fecal/oral transmission. If a dog becomes infected, it’s important to keep them hydrated and make sure they’re getting nutrients. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) notes that parvo is highly contagious and suggests a thorough cleaning of toys, food and water bowls, and other surfaces with a bleach and water solution if a dog with parvo has been in contact with them.

2. Canine Influenza

Dog flu is spread very much like the human flu, through coughing and sneezing, recovery is also similar to humans in that dogs should be kept warm and comfortable while they recover naturally. The canine flu is mostly transmitted these days in animal shelters, so it’s not spreading widely among dogs in general.

Dogs that don’t frequent places like day care and boarding don’t necessarily need the vaccine—though many of those places now require it.

3. Canine Distemper

Distemper is deadly and used to be seen much more decades ago, before it became the first big vaccine for dogs. The disease is spread by bodily secretions and causes three issues: gastrointestinal upset, upper respiratory issues, and then it affects the neurologic system, after which dogs could have seizures and die.

Luckily the vaccine is safe and effective. For the most part a good job has been done in controlling a very devastating disease.

4. Leptospirosis

Leptospirosis is often spread through wildlife, so veterinarians used to think of it as a more rural disease. That’s not the case anymore, though it’s hard to tell where exactly a dog might get it since the disease is transmitted through urine. When dog diseases can affect humans, they’re extra worrisome for society. It can cause liver and kidney failure in both humans and animals. In fact, it could even lead to infected humans needing a kidney transplant.

The American Veterinary Medical Association (AMVA) says that the signs of leptospirosis vary from dog to dog, but could include fever, vomiting, thirst, jaundice, and either frequent urination or lack of urination. It also notes that, if treated early, dogs can recover. However, recovery could take months, and some dogs might never fully recover.

5. Coronavirus

Like canine influenza, coronavirus is spread from dog to dog through coughing and sneezing, according to the AMVA. It can be hard to diagnose.

Corona is a virus looking for a vaccine, meaning there’s a lot of corona out there but it may not clinically do very much. It can cause vomiting and diarrhea, but some veterinarians have stopped vaccinating for it in an effort to reduce the number of vaccines a dog receives overall.

Diana Ruth Davidson,  Westside Dog Nanny,             Certified Professional Pet Sitter,                            Certified by American Red Cross in Pet First Aid

Pet Sitting,  In-Home Dog Boarding, Dog Walking, Overnights in Your Home, Doggie Day Care.

Diana@WestsideDogNanny.com
310 919 9372